What is Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu?
– Gracie Jiu-Jitsu to Jiu-Jitsu –
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is a martial art equipped for actual combat, though it is fundamentally a skill to protect oneself and it is an art of Budo (philosophy on martial arts).
It is also a safe and fun athletic sport enjoyed by all age range from children to elderly throughout their life. It is also a Budo method with highly game-like feature, so you will not easily get bored, and that helps lead to a successful dieting or health maintenance method as well.
As an athletic competition, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is fast gaining attention as a martial art that is more like a game than a sport. Punching and attacking is prohibited, instead the score is decided by techniques of ground fighting, grappling, throwing, joint locks, and clasping.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu was developed by a Japanese Judo expert of the Meiji Era (1868-1912), Mitsuyo Maeda (1878-1941). As an expert in combat arts, Maeda won many international competitions of various martial arts.
With his extensive knowledge and experience he developed a Budo method focusing on ground fighting, which then he initiated to the Gracie family in Brazil. Focusing on practical technique aiming for least injuries, it teaches that smaller, weaker person can successfully defend against a bigger, stronger assailant by using leverage and proper technique.
At present, Jiu-Jitsu has grown widely throughout the world and many Dojos can be seen internationally. For example, following the lead of Brazil and United States, Jiu-Jitsu in Japan has spread quickly and the Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu participants have a population of approximately 50,000 and growing. As of 2011, it is the most popular martial arts in Japan.
The Japan Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Federation has members over 300 gyms with Jiu-Jitsu gyms in every prefecture, and tournaments held weekly throughout the country.
Jiu-Jitsu is a highly respected Budo technique in comprehensive martial arts of the world. Fundamental philosophy of Jiu-Jitsu is to “win without injury to self or opponent.”
So let’s start Jiu-Jitsu together!
– The history of the Jiu-Jitsu –
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu known, as the [Gentle Art] is a ground based grappling fighting style. Its history can be traced back to 1920 when the legendary Mitsuyo Maeda from Kodokan Japan went to Brazil.
He taught the Gracie Family the combat fighting skills used by the Samurai in the ancient Japan when in the situation they had to fight with their bare hands. This was Jiu-Jitsu. Almost 80 years since then, the Gracie Family as improved and spread out the art all around Brazil.
In 1993, the first “Ultimate Fighting Championship” known as the UFC was held. It was a tournament which competitors from different backgrounds and disciplines such as Pro-Wrestling, Kickboxing, Karate, Sumo etc. fight against each other in an octagon with bare knuckles. Only very few rules were needed to be obeyed. Royce Gracie representing the Gracie Jiu-Jitsu also entered. By using the techniques his family learned and reformed from Mitsuyo Maeda, he defeated everyone who were twice of his size and weight all by submissions. That was the day Brazilian Jiujutsu caught world’s attention.
Nowadays, Gracie Jiu-Jitsu or Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu also known as “JIU-JITSU” is taught in many countries around the world.